Satoshi’s Treasure, the alternate reality scavenger hunt for $1 million worth of Bitcoin, $BTC▲4.26% has just released its 14th clue. Best part is: it’s loaded with $70,000 in Bitcoin.
“[Three] keys and additional $70,000 will be rewarded to hunters who solve the puzzle,” reads a notice on the game‘s website.
There are curious things to note here, besides the dope prize.
This clue is the “Zero Knowledge Key,” and it comes with a message: “Don’t be so SNARKy”. (Hint: budding cryptocurrency project Zcash utilizes technology known as “ZK-SNARKs” to keep its transactions relatively private.)
Satoshi’s Treasure began back in April. Inspired by Ready Player One, players are urged to work together in teams to solve puzzles that often involve interacting with real-world objects and locations across the globe.
The game’s organizers split private keys to $1 million worth of Bitcoin into 1,000 “shards.” The first individual (or team) to collect just 400 of them will immediately unlock the full prize.
Hard Fork has reached out to those behind Satoshi’s Treasure to confirm exactly how this additional $70,000 Bitcoin prize will be paid out, and will update this piece should we receive a reply.
The deadly animal-borne coronavirus spreading globally may have originated in a laboratory in the city of Wuhan linked to China’s covert biological weapons program, said an Israeli biological warfare analyst.
Radio Free Asia last week rebroadcast a Wuhan television report from 2015 showing China’s most advanced virus research laboratory, known the Wuhan Institute of Virology. The laboratory is the only declared site in China capable of working with deadly viruses.
Dany Shoham, a former Israeli military intelligence officer who has studied Chinese biological warfare, said the institute is linked to Beijing’s covert bio-weapons program.
“Certain laboratories in the institute have probably been engaged, in terms of research and development, in Chinese [biological weapons], at least collaterally, yet not as a principal facility of the Chinese BW alignment,” Mr. Shoham told The Washington Times.
Work on biological weapons is conducted as part of dual civilian-military research and is “definitely covert,” he said in an email.
Mr. Shoham holds a doctorate in medical microbiology. From 1970 to 1991, he was a senior analyst with Israeli military intelligence for biological and chemical warfare in the Middle East and worldwide. He held the rank of lieutenant colonel.
China has denied having any offensive biological weapons, but a State Department report last year revealed suspicions of covert biological warfare work.
A Chinese Embassy spokesman did not return an email seeking comment.
Chinese authorities said they do not know the origin of the coronavirus, which has killed at least 80 and infected thousands.
Gao Fu, director of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, told state-controlled media that initial signs indicated the virus originated from wild animals sold at a seafood market in Wuhan.
One ominous sign, said a U.S. official, is that false rumors circulating on the Chinese internet claim the virus is part of a U.S. conspiracy to spread germ weapons. That could indicate China is preparing propaganda outlets to counter any charges that the new coronavirus escaped from one of Wuhan’s civilian or defense research laboratories.
The World Health Organization is calling the microbe novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV. At a meeting Thursday in Geneva, the organization stopped short of declaring a public health emergency of international concern.
China has deployed military forces to Wuhan to halt all travel out of the city of 11 million people in an effort to contain the outbreak of the virus, which causes pneumonialike symptoms.
The Wuhan institute has studied coronaviruses including the strain that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), H5N1 influenza virus, Japanese encephalitis and dengue. Researchers at the institute also have studied the germ that causes anthrax, a biological agent once developed in Russia.
“Coronaviruses [particularly SARS] have been studied in the institute and are probably held therein,” Mr. Shoham said. “SARS is included within the Chinese BW program, at large, and is dealt with in several pertinent facilities.”
It is not known whether the institute’s coronaviruses are specifically included in China’s biological weapons program but it is possible, he said.
Asked whether the new coronavirus may have leaked, Mr. Shoham said: “In principle, outward virus infiltration might take place either as leakage or as an indoor unnoticed infection of a person that normally went out of the concerned facility. This could have been the case with the Wuhan Institute of Virology, but so far there isn’t evidence or indication for such incident.”
After researchers sequence the genome of the new coronavirus, they might be able to determine or suggest its origin or source.
Biological weapons convention
Mr. Shoham, now with the Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies at Bar Ilan University in Israel, said the virology institute is the only declared site in China known as P4 for pathogen level 4. That status indicates the institute uses the strictest safety standards to prevent the spread of the most dangerous and exotic microbes being studied.
The former Israeli military intelligence doctor also said suspicions were raised about the Wuhan Institute of Virology when a group of Chinese virologists working in Canada improperly sent to China samples of what he described as some of the deadliest viruses on earth, including the Ebola virus.
In a July article in the journal Institute for Defense Studies and Analyses, Mr. Shoham said the Wuhan institute was one of four Chinese laboratories engaged in some aspects of biological weapons development.
He said the secure Wuhan National Biosafety Laboratory at the institute was engaged in research on the Ebola, Nipah and Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever viruses.
The Wuhan virology institute is under the Chinese Academy of Sciences, but certain laboratories within it “have linkage with the PLA or BW-related elements within the Chinese defense establishment,” he said.
In 1993, China declared a second facility, the Wuhan Institute of Biological Products, as one of eight biological warfare research facilities covered by the Biological Weapons Convention, which China joined in 1985.
The Wuhan Institute of Biological Products is a civilian facility but is linked to the Chinese defense establishment. Mr. Shoham said it is thought to be involved in the Chinese Biological Weapons Convention program. China’s vaccine against SARS is probably produced there.
“This means the SARS virus is held and propagated there, but it is not a new coronavirus unless the wild type has been modified, which is not known and cannot be speculated at the moment,” he said.
The annual State Department report on arms treaty compliance stated last year that China engaged in activities that could support biological warfare.
“Information indicates that the People’s Republic of China engaged during the reporting period in biological activities with potential dual-use applications, which raises concerns regarding its compliance with the BWC,” said the report, adding that the United States suspects China failed to eliminate its biological warfare program as required by the treaty.
“The United States has compliance concerns with respect to Chinese military medical institutions’ toxin research and development because of the potential dual-use applications and their potential as a biological threat,” the report said.
The biosafety lab is about 20 miles from the Hunan Seafood Market, which reports from China say may have been the origin point of the virus.
Rutgers University microbiologist Richard Ebright told London’s Daily Mail that “at this point there’s no reason to harbor suspicions” that the lab may be linked to the virus outbreak.
The best investment cases are the simplest. If you have to see models and flipcharts to prove an investment, then you are already on shaky ground. Meanwhile if you can’t sum up why you hold an investment in a simple sentence you are probably in the land of random and that is never a good thing, wrote Clem Chambers in Forbes.
Bitcoin has a simple investment case. You either believe it’s a thing or you don’t. If you believe in bitcoin it is easy to consider that such a new form of global money must be worth a lot more than $170 billion in its totality, when there is $100 trillion of old money out there.
If you think it’s just a crazy passing fad like inflated prices for Pokémon cards, then you believe the value of bitcoin is $0 or as close as economics will allow. There doesn’t seem to be many opinions in between.
I do not think there are many bitcoin believers who would say, “Look, the world only needs $100 billion of bitcoin,” or that “$40 billion is enough to go around for everyone.” The question is more how much bitcoin the world will need once it has entered the mainstream and what price must bitcoin (BTC) be for the demand to be sated for an asset with a finite and limited supply.
Naysayers will simply say that bitcoin is valueless, which implies it has no utility, but as time passes, this position proves itself to be demonstratively wrong.
Without doubt cryptocurrencies need utility or as it is termed for crypto, a “use case.” I can whip up a “Clem coin” tomorrow but if it has no use, then it will have little value. If it had a use, say as payment to exclusive access to my financial crystal balls, then suddenly that coin’s use case would add a certain amount of value to the Clem coin. In the case of the theoretical Clem coin that might not be much, but the use cases for Bitcoin give it huge potential value.
Today bitcoin is better than gold when it comes to emergency situations. This is no longer a matter of opinion, it is proven by events.
Bitcoin is the best money out there in emergencies. You can walk through any airport with a million dollars of bitcoin waiting for you at your destination without breaking any rules or calling any bank or opening any accounts. We all do something similar when we cross borders with a credit card. While $11,000 in cash will get you in trouble, a credit card with a $11,000 worth of credit will not create any difficulties. Bitcoin is like that, too, but is not linked to a banking system that might suddenly break, or decide not to let you use it.
This might not seem like an incredibly useful thing, until you think you are facing a zombie apocalypse, or are worried that the US might rain down bombs on your city or that the local secret policeman might want to lock you in a cellar and extract a confession from you or that a local strongman might want to let you reflect for a few months on your opposition to his “great leader” role. You don’t have to be on the wrong side of the law to have a need for bitcoin. Gold and cash used to be the recourse for emergencies and it remains so, but for acute situations bitcoin is far better.
Without doubt coronavirus is driving markets. It is driving gold and bitcoin up and copper and oil down. This is simply proof of concept for bitcoin and the situation links several of its use cases to its price.
It proves that bitcoin is a haven asset and that in itself is a massive use case. However, much as bitcoin naysayers want to scorn the crypto, it is proven that when times get scary in countries like China and Iran, they run for BTC. These days cash and gold are clumsy and difficult in comparison to bitcoin, but for now most people’s access to crypto is limited by the level of technical sophistication required to buy and operate it. Those barriers are only going to fall.
The reaction of bitcoin’s price to the coronavirus outbreak destroys forever the argument that bitcoin is useless and therefore valueless, so the only question that remains is how much is this asset worth. That depends on its use cases, which are many.
Gold’s use cases are many, too: tradeable asset, jewelry, electronics to name the most obvious. Global supply and demand for gold means it has a market cap of $7.5 trillion.
At $175 billion market cap for BTC, a bitcoin believer will consider bitcoin has a lot of upside. So that while bitcoin may slide after the “peak virus” moment on the developing coronavirus situation, there will be no shortage of disasters and emergencies in the future to drive bitcoin’s value.
The Pre-Pharaonic Civilization built megaliths, intricate shires as well as calendar circles that resemble mini-Stonehenges. “…several behavioral indicators, combined with the technological and ceremonial architecture, such as calendar circles and sanctuaries, imply a level of sophistication that goes well beyond that shown by groups of herders…”
Archaeologists have excavated six ancient sites dating back to a time of pre-Pharaonic times in Egypt. The discoveries have allowed us to better understand the enigmatic Neolithic culture of the people who lived in the Nile plain before the ancient Egyptians and who would eventually lay down the foundations for the development of the ancient Egyptian civilization, and their imposing temples and pyramids.
It is usually acknowledged that ancient Egypt Dynastic period begins around 3100 B.C. Before that, between 9300 and 4000 B.C., the Nile plain was inhabited by Neolithic peoples. These villages have not been well studied, at least in relation to their successors, mainly because archaeological sites are often poorly accessible. The remains of their settlements are located mainly under the old Nile flood plain or in peripheral deserts, making their study a complicated thing.
However, members of the Combined Prehistoric Expedition, with permission from the Supreme Council of Antiquities of Egypt (SCA), have been studying the Neolithic sites of the western desert of Egypt. Although not lush, the Neolithic was wetter than today, which allowed the former herdsmen to populate what is now the middle of nowhere.
The archaeologists are excavating sites along the former shores of an extinct seasonal lake near a place called Gebel Ramlah.
During the last part of the Neolithic period, the ancient settlers began to bury the dead in cemeteries and the skeletons provide critical information about their lifestyle. According to experts, this pre-Pharaonic civilization even built megaliths, intricate shires as well as calendar circles that resemble mini-Stonehenges.
To understand about the mysterious civilization “thought to have eventually given rise to the ancient Egyptians, we turn back to archeological expeditions that took place between 2001 and 2003 when members of the expedition excavated three cemeteries of this era with 68 skeletons.
Archaeologists had discovered tombs filled with objects and ornamental ceramics, seashells, stone jewelry, and ostrich eggshells.
They also discovered ornamental jewelry and stone weapons.
These people were tall, enjoyed a long life and showed low rates of infant mortality. The men measured about 170 cm, while the women, about 160 cm. The majority of men and women lived for more than 40 years, some up to 50 years, an advanced age for those days.
But more recent expeditions have revealed even further clues about the enigmatic peoples.
Archeological expeditions which took place between 2009 and 2016, found two cemeteries that were very different from the rest. The researchers analyzed another 130 skeletons discovering that they were accompanied by few artifacts and that they suffered from increased infant mortality, as well as a shorter life and stature.
Why were there so many differences between the two burials?
They could have been separate populations, but it is unlikely based on general physical similarities.
Therefore, they might differ by status, with one cemetery for the elite and one for the workers. This is the first proof of such a phenomenon in Egypt.
Further studies revealed important clues about the family structures of the time.
As noted by the Conversation, “The overall sex ratio across all cemeteries is three women to each man, which may indicate polygamy. the total number of burials and a lack of reference to individual houses suggests these were extended family cemeteries.”
The archeologists also discovered that attainment of “personhood” – the age children are socialized into being “people” – was from three years.
There is also clear evidence of respect for the dead.
These behavioral indicators, combined with the technological and ceremonial architecture, such as calendar circles and sanctuaries, imply a level of sophistication that goes well beyond that shown by groups of herders. Taken together, the findings provide a glimpse of things yet to come in Ancient Egypt.
Excavating sites located near Gebel Ramlah provides direct and unprecedented insight into the lives of people that gave rise to the ancient Egyptians.
Similar insight was obtained by archeologists in 2018 when the researchers discovered the remnants of a 7,000-year-old settlement in Egypt.
Archeological excavations of the Neolithic village in Tell el-Samara, located around 140 kilometers (87 miles) north of Cairo revealed the very foundations of an ancient settlement that predates the Egyptian pyramids by at least 2,500 years. The village helped experts understand more about Predynastic Egyptians and their way of life, the gods they worshipped, and what the culture was like.
Understanding the civilization that gave rise to the culture that would later become ancient Egypt is crucial in understanding the Egyptian civilization itself.
Ancient Egypt’s first ruler from First Dynasty which lasted from around 3150 to 2890 BC was Narmer, the same person usually identified as Menes, and the king that unified upper and lower Egypt. Although not much is known about Namer, he is believed to have been the successor to the Protodynastic king Ka, or even possibly the so-called Scorpion King.
Although the moon is conveniently close for observations, astronauts haven’t stepped on the lunar surface since 1972.
Fortunately, this will change in the future when NASA’s Artemis program lands the first woman and next man on the moon by 2024.
In the meantime, that makes lunar samples returned by Apollo astronauts a rare and precious commodity. For the first time, researchers used a technique to look at individual atoms in a single grain of moon dust from an Apollo 17 moon sample.
Considering that astronauts Gene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt returned 245 pounds of lunar rocks and soil to Earth after their 1972 mission, studying one dust grain at a time would definitely help conserve samples.
The technique, known as atom probe tomography, provided a new way to study the moon’s surface. It’s typically used in materials science with nanowire production because it can analyze materials on a tiny scale.
NASA granted access to Apollo 17 lunar soil samples to researchers from Chicago’s Field Museum, Northwestern University and Purdue University. Previously, those at the Field Museum and Northwestern had used atom probe tomography on tiny samples, like nanoscale-sized grains from an iron meteorite, said Jennika Greer, study author and PhD student at the Field Museum and University of Chicago.
“We’re analyzing rocks from space, atom by atom,” Greer said. “It’s the first time a lunar sample has been studied like this. We’re using a technique many geologists haven’t even heard of.”
Elements like iron or water create small, complex structures in lunar soil. Studying the soil atom by atom can provide a detailed look at the moon’s composition.
The technique involved using a beam of charged atoms to carve a sharp tip into the surface of the dust grain. The sharp tip was a few hundred atoms wide. For reference, one sheet of paper is hundreds of thousands of atoms in thickness.
“We can use the expression ‘nano-carpentry,'” said Philipp Heck, the study’s co-author, a curator at the Field Museum and an associate professor at the University of Chicago. “Like a carpenter shapes wood, we do it at the nanoscale to minerals.”
The sample was placed inside the atom probe at Northwestern and hit with a laser, which displaced atoms individually. Each atom then struck a plate designed to detect them. This allowed the researchers to determine the type of atom and its charge.
In the single grain, they found evidence of water, iron, helium and space weathering on the lunar surface. Iron is a heavier element, so its atom took longer to strike the detector plate than other, lighter elements — which made it identifiable.
“We can apply this technique to samples no one has studied,” Heck said. “You’re almost guaranteed to find something new or unexpected. This technique has such high sensitivity and resolution, you find things you wouldn’t find otherwise and only use up a small bit of the sample.”
Greer was able to use the data for a 3D reconstruction, color-coding the atoms to map the moon dust grain. This enabled scientists to see exact atoms and their locations in moon dust for the first time.
The moon has no atmosphere, and it’s impacted by small meteorites, solar wind and cosmic rays streaming from the sun — which is known as space weathering. So while the moon isn’t geologically active, like Earth and its shifting tectonic plates, the surface soil of the moon does change. Underneath this top layer of soil, things look very different. Unexposed moon soil can tell us about the history of the moon.
Understanding resources in lunar soil could make them useful for astronauts on future missions to the moon. And in the grand scheme of things, atom probe tomography could also be used to study the samples returned from asteroids.
“It’s great for comprehensively characterizing small volumes of precious samples,” Greer said. “We have these really exciting missions like Hayabusa2 and OSIRIS-REx returning to Earth soon — un-crewed spacecrafts collecting tiny pieces of asteroids. This is a technique that should definitely be applied to what they bring back, because it uses so little material but provides so much information.”
Comparing what they learn about the samples through atom probe tomography with telescope observations of the moon or asteroids can allow scientists to understand what they’re seeing when sampling isn’t practical or possible.
“It’s important to understand these materials in the lab so we understand what we’re seeing when we look through a telescope,” Greer said. “Because of something like this, we understand what the environment is like on the moon. It goes way beyond what astronauts are able to tell us as they walk on the moon. This little grain preserves millions of years of history.”
And the sample grain of dust used in the study can be studied by others in the future.
“Fifty years ago, no one anticipated that someone would ever analyze a sample with this technique, and only using a tiny bit of one grain,” Heck said. “Thousands of such grains could be on the glove of an astronaut, and it would be sufficient material for a big study.”
Given that future missions are planned for returning to the moon, the researchers hope that new, diverse samples will be returned.
Only examining space weathering from one place on the moon is “like only analyzing weathering on Earth in one mountain range,” Greer said it’s like only analyzing weathering on Earth in one mountain range,” Greer said.
“We need to go to other places and objects to understand space weathering in the same way we need to check out different places on Earth, like the sand in deserts and outcrops in mountain ranges.”
Greer is eager for samples from the far side of the moon, which is the side that continually faces away from Earth. It’s a challenge, observationally, and the material that can be collected there might prove to be very different from the sites we’ve sampled on the Earth-facing side of the moon, she said.
Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that range from the common cold to MERS coronavirus, which is
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus and SARs, Severe acute respiratory syndrome
Where do coronaviruses come from?
Corona viruses are circulating in animals and some of these coronaviruses have the capability of
transmitting between animals and humans. We call that a spillover event.
How can I help protect myself from a coronavirus?
The coronaviruses typically cause respiratory symptoms. So we recommend basic hand hygiene, such
as washing your hands with soap and water and respiratory hygiene, such as when you sneeze,
sneezing into your elbow.
Ways to protect yourself against a potential animal source would be to avoid unnecessary
unprotected contact with live animals and to make sure that you wash your hands thoroughly after
contact with animals and also to make sure your meat is cooked thoroughly before consuming.
Is there treatment?
There are no specific treatments for coronaviruses, but symptoms can be treated.
For more information WHO. INT
It is a member of the coronavirus family that has never been encountered before. Like other coronaviruses, it has come from animals. Many of those initially infected either worked or frequently shopped in the Huanan seafood wholesale market in the centre of the Chinese city, which also sold live and newly slaughtered animals.
Have there been other coronaviruses?
New and troubling viruses usually originate in animal hosts. Ebola and flu are other examples – severe acute respiratory syndrome (Sars) and Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome (Mers) are both caused by coronaviruses that came from animals. In 2002, Sars spread virtually unchecked to 37 countries, causing global panic, infecting more than 8,000 people and killing more than 750. Mers appears to be less easily passed from human to human, but has greater lethality, killing 35% of about 2,500 people who have been infected.
What are the symptoms caused by the Wuhan coronavirus?
The virus causes pneumonia. Those who have fallen ill are reported to suffer coughs, fever and breathing difficulties. In severe cases there can be organ failure. As this is viral pneumonia, antibiotics are of no use. The antiviral drugs we have against flu will not work. If people are admitted to hospital, they may get support for their lungs and other organs as well as fluids. Recovery will depend on the strength of their immune system. Many of those who have died were already in poor health.
Is the virus being transmitted from one person to another?
Human to human transmission has been confirmed by China’s national health commission, and there have been human-to-human transmissions in the US and in Germany. As of 7 February, the death toll stands at 636 inside China, one in Hong Kong and one in the Philippines. Infections inside China stand at 31,161 and global infections have passed 280 in 28 countries. The mortality rate is 2%.
Two members of one family have been confirmed to have the virus in the UK, and a third person was diagnosed with it in Brighton, after more than 400 were tested and found negative. The Foreign Office has urged UK citizens to leave China if they can.
The number of people to have contracted the virus could be far higher, as people with mild symptoms may not have been detected. Modelling by World Health Organization (WHO) experts at Imperial College London suggests there could be as many as 100,000 cases, with uncertainty putting the margins between 30,000 and 200,000.
Why is this worse than normal influenza, and how worried are the experts?
We don’t yet know how dangerous the new coronavirus is, and we won’t know until more data comes in. The mortality rate is around 2%. However, this is likely to be an overestimate since many more people are likely to have been infected by the virus but not suffered severe enough symptoms to attend hospital, and so have not been counted. For comparison, seasonal flu typically has a mortality rate below 1% and is thought to cause about 400,000 deaths each year globally. Sars had a death rate of more than 10%.
Another key unknown, of which scientists should get a clearer idea in the coming weeks, is how contagious the coronavirus is. A crucial difference is that unlike flu, there is no vaccine for the new coronavirus, which means it is more difficult for vulnerable members of the population – elderly people or those with existing respiratory or immune problems – to protect themselves. Hand-washing and avoiding other people if you feel unwell are important. One sensible step is to get the flu vaccine, which will reduce the burden on health services if the outbreak turns into a wider epidemic.
Should I go to the doctor if I have a cough?
Unless you have recently travelled to China or been in contact with someone infected with the virus, then you should treat any cough or cold symptoms as normal. The NHS advises that people should call 111 instead of visiting the GP’s surgery as there is a risk they may infect others.
Is the outbreak a pandemic?
Health experts are starting to say it could become a pandemic, but right now it falls short of what the WHO would consider to be one. A pandemic, in WHO terms, is “the worldwide spread of a disease”. Coronavirus cases have been confirmed in about 25 countries outside China, but by no means in all 195 on the WHO’s list. It is also not spreading within those countries at the moment, except in a very few cases. By far the majority are travellers who picked up the virus in China.
No. The spread of the virus outside China is worrying but not an unexpected development. The WHO has declared the outbreak to be a public health emergency of international concern, and says there is a “window of opportunity” to halt the spread of the disease. The key issues are how transmissible this new coronavirus is between people and what proportion become severely ill and end up in hospital. Often viruses that spread easily tend to have a milder impact.
Healthcare workers could be at risk if they unexpectedly came across someone with respiratory symptoms who had travelled to an affected region. Generally, the coronavirus appears to be hitting older people hardest, with few cases in children.
The founder of the world’s second biggest cryptocurrency Ethereum, Vitalik Buterin, has questioned whether the Rothschild conspiracy theory extends to digital money.
“Are ‘the Rothschilds’ even well-coordinated enough to be worth caring about as a group these days?” Buterin asked on Reddit. Buterin raised the issue as cryptocurrency enthusiasts are discussing the opaque IMMO blockchain project the banking dynasty is reportedly investing in bitcoin.
Little is known about IMMO, but the crypto-society has said it can be a digital token backed by natural resources like gold or somehow related to real estate. The project is reported to be watched personally by Alexandre de Rothschild, the newly-appointed head of the family’s banking dynasty.
After a discussion on Reddit, Buterin said he came to a conclusion that the Rothschilds’ possible influence on cryptocurrencies is overrated. “My updated view after seeing the replies is that they are just people born into various old-money-type high society positions, and the theories that they are anything beyond that are fairly baseless,” he wrote.
In December, the Rothschild family reportedly purchased bitcoin exposure, via the Grayscale Bitcoin Trust, for the first time. The conspiracy theories around Rothschilds’ cryptocurrency control are being heated up by a 1988 publication in The Economist, a magazine controlled by the family.
“Thirty years from now, Americans, Japanese, Europeans, and people in many other rich countries, and some relatively poor ones will probably be paying for their shopping with the same currency. Prices will be quoted not in dollars, yen or D-marks but in, let’s say, the phoenix. The phoenix will be favored by companies and shoppers because it will be more convenient than today’s national currencies, which by then will seem a quaint cause of much disruption to economic life in the last twentieth century,” the magazine wrote thirty years ago.
The interest of large investors in cryptocurrencies and their market share is growing every day. In 2018, despite frequent criticism of Bitcoin and other digital assets, there is more and more information available about the growing attention given by major institutional investors in the development of the blockchain industry and cryptocurrencies investments.
On May 17th of this year, Rothschild & Co, one of the oldest banks in Europe, announced that the position of the 75-year-old David de Rothschild will be assumed by his successor and son, Alexandre de Rothschild. He becomes the 7th generation of the Rothschild family to manage the bank, which has been at the center of world financial markets for 200 years.
He is also interested in blockchain technology.
Alexandre has been interested in cryptocurrencies since the end of 2017, when he was the Executive Deputy Chairman of the investment management firm, Rothschild & Compagnie Gestion SCS. Since April, there have been rumors in the narrow circle of large cryptocurrency investors that Rothschilds are developing several cryptocurrency projects. At the moment, only one of them has been identified — IMMO. Our source reports that the implementation of IMMO is being monitored by Alexandre de Rothschild himself. However, full and open information about this project is still not available, as all developments remain highly confidential.
The connection between the Rothschilds and the cryptocurrency world is confirmed by recently published articles. In February, it became known that the Tether accounts of Bitfinex were opened in the Dutch bank ING, owned by The Rothschild Group, and a week later the financial company, Circle, whose main shareholder is Goldman Sachs, also controlled by The Rothschild Group, acquired Poloniex, a US-based crypto exchange.
Earlier this year, George Soros announced his readiness to invest in digital assets, despite his earlier criticism on that. And Venrock, which is a $3 billion company owned by the Rockefellers, has signed a partnership agreement with the Coinfund Investment Fund for investing in digital currencies and supporting innovation in the field of blockchain technology. David Pakman, a Partner at Venrock, was quoted in Fortune magazine: “We wanted to partner with this team that has been making investments and actually helping to architect a number of different crypto economies and crypto token-based projects.”
Falling asleep may seem like an impossible dream when you’re awake at 3 a.m., but good sleep is more under your control than you might think. Following healthy sleep habits can make the difference between restlessness and restful slumber. Researchers have identified a variety of practices and habits—known as “sleep hygiene”—that can help anyone maximize the hours they spend sleeping, even those whose sleep is affected by insomnia, jet lag, or shift work.
Sleep hygiene may sound unimaginative, but it just may be the best way to get the sleep you need in this 24/7 age. Here are some simple tips for making the sleep of your dreams a nightly reality:
12 Tips To improve Your Sleep
#1 Avoid Caffeine, Alcohol, Nicotine, and Other Chemicals that Interfere with Sleep
As any coffee lover knows, caffeine is a stimulant that can keep you awake. So avoid caffeine (found in coffee, tea, chocolate, cola, and some pain relievers) for four to six hours before bedtime. Similarly, smokers should refrain from using tobacco products too close to bedtime.
Although alcohol may help bring on sleep, after a few hours it acts as a stimulant, increasing the number of awakenings and generally decreasing the quality of sleep later in the night. It is therefore best to limit alcohol consumption to one to two drinks per day, or less, and to avoid drinking within three hours of bedtime.
#2 Turn Your Bedroom into a Sleep-Inducing Environment
A quiet, dark, and cool environment can help promote sound slumber. Why do you think bats congregate in caves for their daytime sleep? To achieve such an environment, lower the volume of outside noise with earplugs or a “white noise” appliance. Use heavy curtains, blackout shades, or an eye mask to block light, a powerful cue that tells the brain that it’s time to wake up. Keep the temperature comfortably cool—between 60 and 75°F—and the room well ventilated. And make sure your bedroom is equipped with a comfortable mattress and pillows. (Remember that most mattresses wear out after ten years.)
Also, if a pet regularly wakes you during the night, you may want to consider keeping it out of your bedroom.
It may help to limit your bedroom activities to sleep and sex only. Keeping computers, TVs, and work materials out of the room will strengthen the mental association between your bedroom and sleep.
#3 Establish a Soothing Pre-Sleep Routine
Ease the transition from wake time to sleep time with a period of relaxing activities an hour or so before bed. Take a bath (the rise, then fall in body temperature promotes drowsiness), read a book, watch television, or practice relaxation exercises. Avoid stressful, stimulating activities—doing work, discussing emotional issues. Physically and psychologically stressful activities can cause the body to secrete the stress hormone cortisol, which is associated with increasing alertness. If you tend to take your problems to bed, try writing them down—and then putting them aside.
#4 Go to Sleep When You’re Truly Tired
Struggling to fall sleep just leads to frustration. If you’re not asleep after 20 minutes, get out of bed, go to another room, and do something relaxing, like reading or listening to music until you are tired enough to sleep.
#5 Don’t Be a Nighttime Clock-Watcher
Staring at a clock in your bedroom, either when you are trying to fall asleep or when you wake in the middle of the night, can actually increase stress, making it harder to fall asleep. Turn your clock’s face away from you.
And if you wake up in the middle of the night and can’t get back to sleep in about 20 minutes, get up and engage in a quiet, restful activity such as reading or listening to music. And keep the lights dim; bright light can stimulate your internal clock. When your eyelids are drooping and you are ready to sleep, return to bed.
#6 Use Light to Your Advantage
Natural light keeps your internal clock on a healthy sleep-wake cycle. So let in the light first thing in the morning and get out of the office for a sun break during the day.
#7 Keep Your Internal Clock Set with a Consistent Sleep Schedule
Going to bed and waking up at the same time each day sets the body’s “internal clock” to expect sleep at a certain time night after night. Try to stick as closely as possible to your routine on weekends to avoid a Monday morning sleep hangover. Waking up at the same time each day is the very best way to set your clock, and even if you did not sleep well the night before, the extra sleep drive will help you consolidate sleep the following night. Learn more about the importance of synchronizing the clock in The Drive to Sleep and Our Internal Clock.
#8 Nap Early—Or Not at All
Many people make naps a regular part of their day. However, for those who find falling asleep or staying asleep through the night problematic, afternoon napping may be one of the culprits. This is because late-day naps decrease sleep drive. If you must nap, it’s better to keep it short and before 5 p.m.
#9 Lighten Up on Evening Meals
Eating a pepperoni pizza at 10 p.m. may be a recipe for insomnia. Finish dinner several hours before bedtime and avoid foods that cause indigestion. If you get hungry at night, snack on foods that (in your experience) won’t disturb your sleep, perhaps dairy foods and carbohydrates. Tips To improve Your Sleep
#10 Balance Fluid Intake
Drink enough fluid at night to keep from waking up thirsty—but not so much and so close to bedtime that you will be awakened by the need for a trip to the bathroom.
#11 Exercise Early
Exercise can help you fall asleep faster and sleep more soundly—as long as it’s done at the right time. Exercise stimulates the body to secrete the stress hormone cortisol, which helps activate the alerting mechanism in the brain. This is fine, unless you’re trying to fall asleep. Try to finish exercising at least three hours before bed or work out earlier in the day.
#12 Follow Through
Some of these tips will be easier to include in your daily and nightly routine than others. However, if you stick with them, your chances of achieving restful sleep will improve. That said, not all sleep problems are so easily treated and could signify the presence of a sleep disorder such as apnea, restless legs syndrome, narcolepsy, or another clinical sleep problem. If your sleep difficulties don’t improve through good sleep hygiene, you may want to consult your physician or a sleep specialist. Learn more at When to Seek Treatment.
One of the most closely guarded and worst-kept secrets of Donald Trump’s presidency is his extraordinary laziness. Despite efforts to project a manly ardor, the current leader of the free world spends most of his free time tweeting, calling friends, and watching Fox News. Of his 745 days in office, Trump has spent 222 days unwinding at Trump-branded properties and 168 days golfing. According to the testimony of numerous West Wing staffers, he struggles to focus in meetings, largely ignores intelligence briefings, and tunes out policy minutiae. Once, according to former White House aide Cliff Sims, Trump literally got up and wandered away while Paul Ryan was in the Oval Office attempting to explain the Republican health-care bill. While Ryan was still talking, Trump walked down the hall to his private dining room and turned on the TV.
We’ve known since January 2018 that White House staffers have an official designation for these unstructured periods on Trump’s private schedule: “Executive Time.” What we didn’t know is exactly how much of the president’s average day is spent un-presidenting.
In fact, “Executive Time” is far more than just a respite from the duties of the office. In perhaps the most remarkable White House leak this year, Axios on Sunday published about three months’ worth of Trump’s private daily schedules, dating back to the day after the midterm elections. They reveal that Trump has spent around 297 hours—or roughly 60 percent of his waking hours since the midterms—in “Executive Time.” For comparison, he’s only spent about 77 hours in meetings—less time than his travel (51 hours) and eating lunch (39 hours) combined.
Leaks are endemic to the Trump administration, but this one has especially rattled an already paranoid White House. “If most [leaks] are involuntary manslaughter,” Sims told Axios, “this was premeditated murder.” Morale inside the West Wing has reportedly taken a substantial hit. “What a disgraceful breach of trust to leak schedules,” tweeted Madeleine Westerhout, the White House’s director of Oval Office operations. “What these don’t show are the hundreds of calls and meetings @realDonaldTrump takes everyday.”
If Trump really is taking “hundreds” of undocumented calls and meetings every day, that’s another problem entirely, at least for those who care about transparency. But it’s hard to believe Westerhout’s denial, especially when the evidence of how Trump spends his time is so obvious online. From shortly after he wakes up until mid-morning, the president’s Twitter feed is often just responses to what he is watching on Fox News. Often, there is a consistent delay between what had just aired on Fox & Friends and a Trump tweet, suggesting that the president watches his programs on a DVR. In the evening, he returns to live-tweeting his favorite Fox hosts, or raging against an unflattering story on CNN.
In stark contrast, Trump’s predecessors’ schedules were fully booked. Bill Clinton was known to work constantly and at all hours, sometimes calling aides in the middle of the night. George W. Bush began his day at 5:15 A.M., and Barack Obama would stay up until 2 A.M. reading. Trump seems to believe that nobody has ever worked harder—“[Obama] just sat in here and watched basketball all day,” Sims recalls Trump saying in the Oval Office—but his protestations appear to be little more than projection.
It’s unclear whether Trump’s leaked post-midterm schedules reflect an increase or decrease in “Executive Time” over the past year, but it’s clearly information the White House didn’t want made public. The image of the 72-year-old president doddering around the White House with nothing to do for 60 percent of the time is hardly the image his campaign wants seen by the public before the next election. But this particular leak is unnerving for other reasons, too. It suggests, once again, that Trump’s inner circle is not loyal to him. It also would seem to confirm many of the other unflattering portraits of the president as incurious, disorganized, and distractible. ”Trump does review briefing materials, at least if you make it a point to have him do so,” one former senior White House official told Axios. “But only if you talk and guide him through it as he’s reading.”
In the name of progress, 5 Families, Who Control the World, human civilization, during its period of Renaissance, began to orient its political and economic philosophies toward the establishment of financial and commercial entities. Since then, these entities have now morphed into the most powerful corporations on the face of the Earth.
But behind these large corporations and beyond the complicated framework of politics and business, there lies, according to some people, a hidden dominating force that controls the world’s political, economic and military systems. And at the helm of this unnoticeable hegemonic power, there are allegedly five influential families that constructed the current world as we know it according to their design and continues to dictate its ways without the notice of the common man.
And so, according to some historians, scholars and many conspiracy theorists, here are five of the most powerful families that control the world today.
5 Families That Who Control the World
5. THE ROTHSCHILD FAMILY
The story of the Rothschild Family is one of money, and its beginning can be traced back to the 18th century, to the rise of the financial genius that was Mayer Amschel Rothschild. From an apprentice at a small bank in Hamburg, Mayer Rothschild rose to become a prominent figure in the international transactions and manipulation of money. Eventually, he installed each of his five sons to be his agents in the five major financial centers of Europe, and their sons were also sent to other financial centers to head new offices.
Throughout the 19th century, the Rothschilds were responsible for stabilizing the currencies of major world governments, a role now fulfilled by the International Monetary Fund. While they provided important international service, they also profited heavily from it. At the height of their family’s business empire, the Rothschilds’ wealth would have been the largest single fortune in world history.
However, according to some conspiracy theorists, the Rothschilds, driven by their quest for money, have orchestrated the assassination of US Presidents and created every war since the 1800s to finance both sides and profit from such conflicts. Some even claim that the Rothschilds funded the operations of Nazi Germany and caused the Holocaust. There also those who claim that they were the true figure behind the creation of Israel.
Since then, it is believed that the Rothschild family has remained at the top of the world’s oligarchy system, and maintains a powerful and determining influence on the US Federal Reserve, and the British financial system.
4. THE ROCKEFELLER FAMILY
In the 19th century, John Davidson Rockefeller effectively started to solidify his American empire after buying out several partners who owned Cleveland’s largest oil refinery in 1865. Later on, this became the foundation for the formation of the Standard Oil Company of Ohio in 1870, and John D. Rockefeller established a large monopoly on the industry the controlled around 90 percent of America’s pipelines and refineries. However, some historians say that labeling Standard Oil as a monopoly is an understatement, downplaying the covert and savage tactics utilized by John Rockefeller to maintain its control over American oil.
In 1911, the Rockefellers’ monopolistic oil company was broken up under anti-trust legislation, but the family continued to retain a large share of the business and continued to profit from it. According to Forbes, at the time of John D. Rockefeller’s death in 1937, his net worth amounted to as much as $340 billion in today’s money, around four times more than that of Bill Gates.
Since their financial prime in the early 20th century, the family’s wealth has dwindled down to an estimated combined net worth of $11 billion. Nevertheless, the Rockefeller family is the subject of various conspiracy theories. They allegedly committed such atrocious acts as funding the invention of the Zika virus, funding patentable pharmaceutical medical model to crush natural medicine and cures, orchestrating the assassination of John F. Kennedy, and for being the hidden force behind the destruction of the World Trade Center during the 9/11 attacks.
One prevailing conspiracy theory about the Rockefeller family is their association with the idea of a secret global government, called the New World Order. They have been accused of establishing institutions such as the Trilateral Commission and the Bilderberg Group among other organizations to advance their interests nationally and globally.
3. THE MORGAN FAMILY
Toward the end of the 19th century, John Pierpont Morgan established the J.P. Morgan & Company, a financial company that has played a prominent role in the economic history of the United States and, therefore, the whole world as well.
Panic swept the nation back in 1893 partly because the flow of the country’s surplus gold to foreign nations put the U.S. economy in danger. Following his father’s footsteps in the baking industry, Morgan seized the opportunity to save the economy by restoring the confidence in the dollar and rescuing the gold standard. To do this, Morgan led a syndicate of bankers, which included the Rothschild, to see U.S. bonds to buy back gold from foreign investors.
According to some people, that gold and bond exchange allowed Morgan to control the U.S. gold supply, which in turn, gave him the flexibility to finance the creation of U.S. Steel and gain control of the emerging electric light industry by forming General Electric. Morgan accomplished these feats by employing unethical and cutthroat business practices, which involved the elimination of competition, slashing jobs and reducing wages, and neglecting workplace safety – a greedy process which became known as “morganization.”
There are also those who believe that America entered World War I, not for political and policy concerns, but for the profits of the banking and munitions industries. Apparently, U.S. banks, including Morgan’s, lent over 100 times as much money to allied countries than they had to their adversaries. To protect those loans and their interests, financiers like Morgan urged the Wilson administration to aid their allies by participating in the war.
At present, rumors suggest a far-too-comfortable relationship between what is now the leading global financial services firm JPMorgan Chase & Co. and the U.S. Federal Reserve. There is even a theory that a tunnel exists connecting the two gold vaults of the New York Fed and JPM, and allegations that the Morgan family is heavily involved with war profiteering.
2. THE DUPONT FAMILY
The Du Pont family is an American family descended from Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours, and has been one of the richest families in the country. Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours was a French economist who emigrated from France in 1800 to the United States with his sons, Victor Marie du Pont and Éleuthère Irénée du Pont.
Éleuthère Irénée du Pont initially established E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, commonly referred to as DuPont, as a gunpowder manufacturer, which eventually became a chemical empire responsible for ubiquitous inventions such as nylon, Teflon, and Kevlar, and many other polymers.
DuPont became the largest supplier of gunpowder to the U.S. military in the early 1800s, and soon enough, it began manufacturing dynamite in incredible proportions. However, its monopoly on the industry was broken up under the Sherman Antitrust Act. But just like J.P. Morgan, the Du Pont family still managed to maintain dominance over the munitions industry, having supplied nearly 40 percent of all munitions used by Allied forces during the First World War.
DuPont also played a significant role in the development of the Manhattan Project and the production of the first atomic bomb during the Second World War, designing, building and operating the Hanford plutonium-producing plant in Washington. DuPont also reportedly produced as much as 4.5 billion pounds of military explosives used over the course of that war. Then in 1950, DuPont agreed to build the Savannah River Plant in South Carolina in cooperation with the effort to create a hydrogen bomb.
Rumors still circulate about DuPont’s involvement in the prohibition of hemp and cannabis in 1937 to protect its breakthrough patent for nylon and its process of using wood pulp to make paper. Since hemp could efficiently replace both products, some argue that it would have severely limited DuPont’s massive profits if it wasn’t prohibited.
1. THE BUSH FAMILY
The Bush family is considered as among the newest family to join the world elite and began their legacy with Prescott Sheldon Bush, a US banker and senator who was accused of obscenely profiting from the Second World War, and for establishing businesses with large corporations that financed Adolf Hitler’s government.
Documents declassified in 2003 revealed that Yale University’s Skull & Bones Society member Prescott Sheldon Bush – father of U.S. President George H.W. Bush and grandfather of President George W. Bush – could have been prosecuted for providing aid and comfort to the country’s enemy by engaging in nefarious business dealings prior, during, and after World War II.
As reported by The Guardian back in 2004, the National Archives documents “show that even after America had entered the war and when there was already significant information about the Nazis’ plans and policies, [Prescott Bush] worked for and profited from companies closely involved with the very German businesses that financed Hitler’s rise to power.”
Prescott’s descendants have not escaped scrutiny as well, having been accused of utilizing their power during their stint as the commander-in-chief of the United States to profit from the wars the country participated in. Conspiracy theorists even went so far as to claim that George W. Bush knew of the 9/11 World Trade Center attacks and used it to justify a preemptive attack on a nation that has not attacked the United States in the name of a much broader war against terrorism.
To many conspiracy theorists, these five powerful families are the puppet masters that hold the strings of the highest echelons of society. With their immense wealth, unlimited resources, and far-reaching influence, these families have been rumored to have occult satanic connections, a secret network in the gold trade, a mysterious and not-so-well-intentioned agenda, and a secret plan to establish a new world order.
Whether these accusations indeed have a grain of truth in them or not have yet to be either summarily proven or thoroughly debunked. Nevertheless, it cannot be denied that there is a clear socio-economic disparity that places a great divide between the citizens of the world, and an overall political and economic climate that favors the wants of the select few over the needs of the many.